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Avijit Pathak
Avijit Pathak
Surinder Singh
C L Datta
Wilhelm Reich
Leo Huberman
South Asia

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Featured Books/Bestsellers

  • This volume is the second of two containing a selection of Antonio Gramsci’s political writings from his first entry into Italian politics to his imprisonment under Mussolini’s fascist regime. An extensive selection from Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks and a volume of further selections from the Notebooks are also available in the English edition.

    This present volume covers the momentous years of the foundation of the Italian Communist Party (whose leader Gramsci was from 1924 until his arrest in 1926), the ascendancy of the Soviet Union as the authoritative force in the Communist International, and the rise and eventual triumph of fascism which forced Italian communism into nearly twenty years of illegality and Gramsci into prison. The crucial concerns of the articles, reports and letters in this volume are of central relevance to contemporary Marxism – the functioning of working-class power, the strategy of the united struggle against capitalism and against fascism, and the implications of proletarian internationalism – and the collection is indispensible for a proper understanding of the fighting tradition of the Italian Communist Party.

    Complete with introductory material, a chronology and full notes, and including relevant texts by other Italian Communist leaders, this English-language edition of the works of Antonio Gramsci makes available to a wider readership than ever before the writings of one of the most outstanding Marxist thinkers of Western Europe.


    AntonioGramsci was an Italian Marxist theoretician and politican. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime. Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies.

    Selections from Political Writings, 1921-1926
  • What is the role of human subjectivity and agency in the process of social transformation within given social structures? This study attempts to answer this complex question with an analysis covering close to two hundred of evolving adivasis/tribal experience and identity in Thane district, Maharashtra: from1818 with the entry of the British, 1944 to 1948 which was the highpoint of the adivasis revolt under the Kisan Sabha and the post independence period up to the present. The integrative processes of individuals and groups coming together in a collective organization in the defense of common interests which are perceived as threatened by the ‘other’ and the complex relation between mass-level consciousness and a coherent ideology held primarily by a leadership are factors considered as conducive to the development of an identity and political consciousness. An important focus has been the relation between the primordial adivasis and class identity.

    The introductory theoretical section attempts to draw out epistemological and methodological implications for a study of class consciousness from theoretical positions that define the relationship between individual and collective consciousness, ideology and science in their expression and representation of/reflection on social reality.  The three sections of a theory of consciousness in processes of change within politico economic structures and the hegemony of the state, social history and an empirical sociological study of adivasi political consciousness; articulated together result in an account of veritable epic proportions in the social sciences. While both historical analysis and empirical study generate material pertinent to the problem under study, the effort is to serve as an illustration of the application of a conceptual framework and a methodology for the study of the political consciousness and struggles of the subaltern.

    The book should be useful for academics, practitioners and policy makers; for the disciplines of sociology, social psychology, political science and for students of the history of the political economy of social transformation as attempted to be seen from below.


    Denzil Saldanha was formerly Professor, Sociology of Education, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. His research interests have been in the areas of social movements; voluntary social action groups and development organizations; and elementary, non-formal and adult education. He has been teaching, researching and contributing to policy in these areas for about three decades. He has served as a member of state and national level committees, on the board of several academic and developmental institutions and organizations and as a consultant to government, funding agencies and international organizations. His publications cover the interest areas mentioned above, some recent books being Education of Adolescents for Development in India: The Case of Doosra Dashak, 2007 and Civil Society Processes and the State: The BGVS and the Literacy Campaigns, 2010. A running concern in his writings has been an attempt to understand the role of human subjectivity in processes of social transformation.

    Structure, Consciousness and Social Transformation: Adivasis in Thane District, Mumbai
  • The myriad ongoing popular struggles against displacement, inequality and imperialism will acquire a new civilizational significance as well as a sense of solidarity with each other if they are seen as knowledge struggles, struggles for restoring legitimacy to lokavidya (knowledge with the people). The coming of the Knowledge Society in the past two decades has destabilized the established hegemony of modern Science by recognizing the knowledge of peasants, artisans and indigenous peoples. In the process it has created a space for building a new politics of lokavidya. The "uneducated masses" are on the move everywhere in struggles across the world, forming not just the mass base of these movements, but also the intellectual motive force. New ways of thinking have started coming into existence that do not take European reference, and instead root themselves in the ways of thinking and doing of the people. Lokavidya is the generic name of such ways of thinking and doing of people who have not gone to the university. Lokavidya is their knowledge; in it is embedded their worldview - philosophy, politics, economics, and genius. Lokavidya perspectives are thus the new and emerging knowledge perspectives that pave the way for a political imagination which can deliver the people from the traps they are in since the beginning of imperialism. These are the principal claims of the present volume, a collection of articles by associates of Viyda Ashram located in Sarnath, Varanasi. Essays found here are born from the belief that until the people's struggle against imperialism is carried to the knowledge plane, counter-revolutions will be inevitable; that unless the University is challenged alongside the State, restorations will recur. This book articulates the position that ordinary people the world over are knowledgeable, and that they know it to be so.

    Amit Basole is a founding member of Vidya Ashram and teaches Economics at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA.

    Lokavidya Perspectives: A Philosophy of Political Imagination for the Knowledge Age
  • The present book focuses on the grassroots development initiatives and role of conscientisation in empowerment of adivasis and other marginalised sections of the society through the rights based approach to development. The author examines how the voluntary organisations engaged with development programmes for the empowerment of adivasis work with the approach of conscientisation. The role of voluntary organisations in conscientisation for organising and mobilising the adivasis with a programme for the people-centered advocacy has been instrumental in making government machinery pro-poor by implementing development programmes with greater transparency and accountability. Conscientisation of adivasis by the voluntary organisations through their educative role has resulted in the betterment of their lives and emergence of autonomous leadership. The study concludes that the ideological base of the founders of the organisations made the adivasis independent and self-supportive for their development from their earlier status of the servitude through initiating and accomplishing the task of conscientisation.

    Dr. Sampat Kale is with School of Rural Development, Tata Institute of Social Sciences as an Assistant Professor. He has published articles in journals and books and presented papers in national and international conferences and seminars. He has visited Karachi-Pakistan and Stockholm-Sweden as a visiting faculty and presented papers.

    His major areas of interest are social change and development, sociology of marginal groups, rural development, voluntary organization, social movements, people-centred advocacy, human rights and social justice, local self-governance, sustainable livelihoods and management of natural resources.

    Grassroots Development Initiatives in India: Rights Based Approach to Development and Advocacy
  • Over the last few decades Marta Harnecker has emerged as one of Latin America’s most incisive socialist thinkers. In A World to Build, she grapples with the question that had bedeviled every movement for radical social change: how do you construct a new world within the framework of the old? Harnecker draws on lessons from socialist movements in Latin America, especially Venezuela, where she served as an advisor to the Chávez administration and was a director of the Centro Internacional Miranda.

    A World to Build begins with the struggle for socialism today. Harnecker offers a useful overview of the chaning political map in Latin America, examining the trajectories of several progressive Latin American governments as they work to develop alternative models to capitalism. She combines analysis of concrete events with a refined theoretical understanding of grassroots democracy, the state, and the barriers imposed by capital. For Harnecker, twenty-first century socialism is a historical process as well as a theoretical project, one that requires imagination no less than courage. She is a lucid guide to the movements that are fighting, right now, to build a better world, and an important voice for those who wish to follow that path.

    Marta Harnecker is the author of over eighty books and monographs in several languages, including Understanding the Venezuelan Revolution. She has been director of the Memoria Popular Latinoamericana research center in Havana, Cuba and the Centro Internacional Miranda in Caracas, Venezuela.

    A WORLD TO BUILD: New Paths Toward Twenty-First Century Socialism
  • The epistemological analysis of subaltern subjectivity as constituting agency in structured historical processes, subaltern subjectivity being considered as an epistemology in its own right, one considers as the central focus of the volumes of Subaltern Studies and has been a much debated question. This study addresses the issue from the perspective of an interpretation of marxian and Gramscian holistic analysis. A theoretical framework drawn from one’s own work on adivasi political consciousness, organization and action within the political economy of the region, covering close to two hundred years in the then Thane district, Maharashtra (Saldanha: 1984/2015), facilitated by the theoretical writings of others is offered in the introduction. This conceptual design for a holistic analysis is used to present and critically appreciate the very extensive writings on peasant consciousness in the volumes of Subaltern Studies in the following three chapters, together with the commentaries of several other authors. In the concluding chapter, one’s work assisted by E.P. Thompson is in more direct dialogue with the theoretical arguments in R. Guha’s classical work Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency (1983) which may be considered as the principal epistemological and ideological thrust underlying Subaltern Studies.

    Denzil Saldanha was formerly Professor, Sociology of Education, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. His research interests have been in the areas of social movements; voluntary social action groups and development organizations; and elementary, non-formal and adult education. He has been teaching, researching and contributing to policy in these areas for about four decades. He has served as a member of state and national level committees, on the board of several academic and developmental institutions and organizations and as a consultant to government, funding agencies and international organizations. His publications cover the interest areas mentioned above; some recent books being Education of Adolescents for Development in India: The Case of Doosra Dashak, 2007; Civil Society Processes and the State: The BGVS and the Literacy Campaigns, 2010; and Structure, Consciousness and Social Transformation: The Adivasis in Thane District, Maharashtra, 2015. A running concern in his writings has been an attempt to understand the role of human subjectivity in processes of social transformation.

    The Subaltern Subject in Structured Historical Process: Towards an Epistemological Approach
  • Whatever the state of current politics, Karl Marx remains one of the great thinkers of the modern world. Chris Arthur has solved the problem of slimming down Capital, without tearing the fabric of Marx's argument or losing the flavour of his style, with exceptional success. All students will have reason to thank him. - E.J. Hobsbawm

    Karl Marx's Capital was first published in 1867, since when it has become the classic text of Marxism for professional economists, social scientists, philosophers, students, and political activists alike. But the sheer extent of Marx's great work of political economy has often daunted readers, and hampered their understanding of his ideas. No less a person than Harold Wilson jokingly claimed he gave up when he came across a two-page footnote on the first page.

    C J Arthur, whose student edition of The German Ideology by Marx and Engels has long proved popular, has substantially edited and abridged Marx's monumental work, eliminating the more arcane polemics, the scholarly footnotes, statistical data and mathematical formulae. He leaves intact and clarified Marx's main theoretical arguments and the historical information which supports them.

    Marx's Capital - A Student Edition makes one of the most influential texts of the modern era open and accessible to readers as never before.

    C J Arthur is Honorary Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Sussex. A respected scholar of Marx, his books include Dialectics of Labour: Marx and His Relation to Hegel (1986), Marx's Method and a student edition of The German Ideology.

    Marx's Capital: A Student Edition
  • The Russian Revolution of 1917 can be regarded as the greatest event in human history. For the first time millions of workers and peasants took poltiical power into their own hands, sweeping aside the despotic rule of the capitalists and landlords, and setting out to create a socialist world order based upon the rule of the Soviet of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies.

    Capitalism had broken at its weakest link. The Russian Revolution heralded the beginning of the world revolution, inspiring the hopes and dreams of millions. Notwithstanding the terrible backwardness of Russia, the new Socialist Soviet Republic represented a decisive threat to the world capitalist order. It struck terror in the ruling classes everywhere, which rightly regarded it as a threat to their power and privilege.

    Leon Trotsky's History of these event is a master piece. It was the first time that a scientific history of a great event had been written by a man who played a dominant part in it. Together with Lenin, he led the Bolshevik Revolution, and lived throughout its stormy events. However, this book is not simply a dramatic narrative, but a profound analysis of the inner forces of the Revolution. It remains by far the best account of the Russian Revolution today.

    The History of the Russian Revolution (3 Volumes)
  • Acclaimed senior academics like Ajjaz Ahmad, Prabhat Patnaik and Sobhanlal Dattagupta, on the one hand, and young energetic researchers like Srinivasan Ramani, Maidul Islam and Taimur Rahman, on the other, have contributed to the making of this volume which focuses on democratic governance and politics of the left in South Asia. The essays included cover an astonishingly wide range. While Pradhat Patnaik deliberates on the questions of identity and Marxian politics in India, Taimur Rahman’s paper expresses the hope that the small left groups in his country would perhaps come together to give a consolidated shape and size to the working class movement in Pakistan. The essays presented trace the rise of Left politics in India and analyses the nature of the crisis through which the left is traversing in this hour. Only the Left in Tripura, is securely entrenched in power and the exhaustive interview with Tripura’s Chief Minister, Manik Sarkar, offers the reasons for its splendid though isolated success. From Nepal’s Constituent Assembly experiment and the role of the Left in Bangladesh to the rise of the Left Front in West Bengal and the nature of the crisis that has gripped the Left at present–the themes covered offer a comprehensive picture of democratic governance and Left politics as it stands now in the subcontinent. This book is a part of the research project sponsored by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, South Asia. Hence, appropriately, the editor has written an excellent text on Rosa Luxemburg’s vision of democracy.

    Subhoranjan Dasgupta was a Professor of human science at the Institute of Development Studies Kolkata (IDSK). He received his PhD from University of Heidelberg. His special areas of interest are Marxian politics and aesthetics, the partition of Bengal (1947) and post-war German literature and creativity. Author and editor of several books, his notable publications are The Trauma And the Triumph: Gender and Partition in Eastern India (co-edited with Jashodhara Bagchi, in two volumes); Elegy and Dream: The Creative Commitement of Akhtaruzamman Elias and The Tin Drummer’s Odyssey: An Evaluation of Gunter Grass’s Creativity and politics.

    Democratic Governance and Politics of the Left in South Asia
  • Universities divide, separate and fragment. Life, however, incorporates everything - poetry and politics, religiosity and economics, reason and intuition. Here is a book that is in tune with the flow of life - not the way universities conduct discrete departments and branches of knowledge. It moves with sociology, political philosophy, literature and spirituality, and undertakes a journey that takes you beyond the narrow boundaries of an academic discipline. Neither fatalistic pessimism, nor shallow optimism; instead, it whispers into the ears of the reader: 'Understand the reality of constraints; yet, dare to celebrate your eternal longing' No matter whether you are Gandhian or a Marxist, an Ambedkarite or a fan of Tagore, a young student or an old professor - you can't afford to miss the book: its argumentation, its intuitive flash, its refreshingly different mode of communicating the tales of life.

    Avijit Pathak is Professor at the Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. His other books include Modernity, Globalization and Identity: Towards a Reflexive Quest; Recalling the Forgotten: Education and Moral Quest; The Rhythm of Life and Death; Indian Modernity: Contradictions, Paradoxes and Possibilities; Discontents of a Culture and Social Implications of Schooling: Knowledge, Pedagogy and Consciousness.

    On Social Constraints and the Great Longing: An Essay on the Human Condition
  • This book, originally published in French under the title Que faire du ‘Capital’?, offers a new interpretation of Marx’s great work. It shows how the novelty and lasting interest of Marx’s theory arises from the fact that, as against the project of a ‘pure’ economics, it is formulated in concepts that have simultaneously an economic and a political aspect, neither of these being separable from the other.

    Jacques Bidet conducts an unprecedented investigation of Marx’s work in the spirit of the history of science, exploring it as a process of theoretical development. Traditional exegesis reads the successive drafts of Capital as if they were complementary and mutually illuminated one another. In actual fact, like any scientist, Marx only wrote a new version in order to correct the previous one. He started from ideas borrowed from Ricardo and Hegel, and between one draft and the next it is possible to see these being eliminated and restructured. This labour, moreover, was never fully completed.

    The author thus re-assesses Marx’s entire system in its set of constitutive categories: value, market, labour-power, classes, working class, exploitation, production, fetishism, ideology. He seeks to pin down the difficulties that these encountered, and the analytical and critical value they still have today. Bidet attaches the greatest importance to Marx’s order of exposition, which assigns each concept its place in the overall system, and makes the validity of the construction depend on the pertinence of its initial presuppositions. This is particularly the case with the relationship between market mechanism and capitalism – and thus also between the market and socialism.

    Jacques Bidetis Professor at the University of Paris-X, holding the chair of Political Philosophy and Theories of Society, His other publications include Théorie de la modernité (1990), John Rawls et la théorie  de la justice (1995,) Théorie générate, Théorie du droit, de I’économic et de la politique (1990) and Explication et reconstruction du ‘Capital’(2004).

    Exploring Marx's Capital: Philosophical, Economic and Political Dimensions
  • 'very usefully pulls the key passages from Gramsci's writings into one volume, which allows English-language readers an overall view of his work. Particularly valuable are the connections it draws across his work and the insights which the introduction and glossary provide into the origin and development of some key Gramscian concepts.' - Stuart Hall

    The most complete one-volume collection of writings by one of the most fascinating thinkers in the history of Marxism, The Antonio Gramsci Reader fills the need for a broad and general introduction to this major figure.

    Antonio Gramsci was one of the most important theorists of class, culture, and the state since Karl Marx. His influence has penetrated beyond the left and his stature has so increased that every serious student of Marxism, political theory or modern Italian history must now read him.

    Imprisoned by the Fascists for much of his adult life, Gramsci wrote brilliantly on a broad range of subjects: from folklore to philosophy, popular culture to political strategy. Still the most comprehensive collection of Gramsci’s writings available in English, The Antonio Gramsci Reader now features a new introduction by leading Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm, in addition to a biographical introduction, informative introductions to each section, and a glossary of key terms.

    David Forgacs is co-editor of Antonio Gramsci: Selections from Cultural Writings and editor of Rethinking Italian Fascism. He is a professor in the department of Italian, University College, University of London.

    The Antonio Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings 1916-1935
  • This volume consists of a critical commentary on the interactions between Marxism and theology in the work of the major figures of Western Marxism. It deals with the theological writings of Ernst Bloch, Walter Benjamin, Louis Althusser, Henri Lefebvre, Antonio Gramsci, Terry Eagleton, Salvoj Žižek and Theodor Adorno. In many cases their theological writings are dealt with for the first time in this book. It is surprising how much theological material there is and how little commentators have dealt with it. Apart from the critical engagement with the way they use theology, the book also explores how their theological writings infiltrate and enrich their Marxist work. The book has three parts: Biblical Marxists (Bloch and Benjamin), Catholic Marxists (Althusser, Lefebvre, Gramsci and Eagleton), and the Protestant Turn (Žižek and Adorno).

    Roland Boer, Ph.D. (1993) in Biblical Studies, McGill University, is Reader in Comparative Literature and Cultural Studies at Monash University, Melbourne. He has published extensively in biblical studies, Marxism, postcolonialism, cultural studies, literary theory and political theory, including Marxist Criticism of the Bible (Continuum 2003).

    Criticism of Heaven: On Marxism and Theology
  • As the dust settles following the financial meltdown of 2008, more and more media outlets, corporate “leaders,” and economists of all stripes have taken to endlessly discussing the “new normal”- a labor market with lower wages, fewer benefits, less democracy at work, and skyrocketing profits. Yet far too seldom is any consideration given to the question of what these new conditions of precariousness mean for those dependent on their labor to survive. As contingent work has grown there has been a simultaneous reduction in the number of jobs, an erosion of workplace rights, and the evaporation of past gains won through labor struggles, yet these sweeping changes are presented as inevitable and benign consequences of the economic crisis.

    The Meanings of Work aims to explore the theoretical and empirical dimensions of the question. Antunes starts by putting forward a wider conception of “work,” and then moves on to analyze the philosophical underpinnings of the move toward Fordism and Taylorism in previous epochs in an effort to understand the drive behind the new conditions facing labor today.  

    Ricardo Antunes is Professor of Sociology at University of Campinas (UNI-CAMP/Brazil). He was Visiting Research Fellow at Sussex University and his books and articles have been published in France, Italy, England, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina, among other countries.

    The Meanings of Work: Essays on the Affirmation and Negation of Work
  • This book using hitherto unpublished sources sharply interrogates the common belief that the Nehruvian economic policies stultified Indian economic growth. This book provides detailed data including the interaction between the then major chamber FICCI and the Indian Government which provided the politico-economic atmosphere for the neo-liberal reforms that followed later.

    Kamal Aron Mitra Chenoy, is a Professor of Comparative and Indian Politics in the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He has also taught at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, the Indira Gandhi National Open University and Columbia University, New York. He is the co-author of Maoists and Other Armed Conflicts, Penguin, 2010. He has also authored many Reports on communal violence and human rights issues.

    The Rise of Big Business in India

    The essays collected here straddle four decades of work in both historiography and Marxist theory, combining source-based historical work in a wide range of languages with sophisticated discussion of Marx’s categories. Key themes include the distinctions that are crucial to restoring complexity to the Marxist notion of a ‘mode of production’; the emergence of medieval relations of production; the origins of capitalism; the dichotomy between free and unfree labour; and essays in agrarian history that range widely from Byzantine Egypt to 19th-century colonialism. The essays demonstrate the importance of reintegrating theory with history and of bringing history back into historical materialism. An introductory chapter ties the collection together and shows how historical materialists can develop an alternative to Marx’s’ Asiatic mode of production’.


    Jairus Banaji, spent most of his academic life at Oxford. He has been a Research Associate in the Department of Development Studies, SOAS, at University of London, for the past several years. He is the author of Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2007).

    Theory as History: Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation
  • In this book, Mohanraj looks at the Bible not as the word of god that a scripture is believed to be but as an allegorical human document. He exposes the fallacy inherent in the biblical myth of creation and scientifically expounds the origin of the universe. Adam and other characters in the Book of Genesis are described as personifications of mankind in the stages of savagery and barbarism. Abraham and Moses, the author explains, mark the beginning and consolidation of slavery respectively, among the Hebrews. The historical books in the Bible are stripped of supernatural elements, treating god as a symbol of different natural phenomena or social forces depending on the context. Judas, the author convincingly argues, is not a betrayer but a naïve militant who was a trusted comrade of Jesus. The author presents ample evidence to establish the historicity of Jesus who is portrayed as a revolutionary and unravels the mystery behind Mary’s pregnancy, thus identifying Jesus’ biological father. The reader may disagree with the author but this book will help him see the Bible in a new light, provoking him to take a second look at his faith and even to change his world outlook.

    V M Mohanraj completed his education at Annamalai University where he has awarded the Maharaja of Travancore Gold Medal for proficiency in Malayalam. After a short stint of teaching biology in the Arts college, Madras (Chennai), Mohanraj qualified himself in Library Science from Madras University and worked as an academic librarian for thirty-eight years when he had presented papers on library services at regional and national seminars. A freelance Writer, he has twelve books and many articles, both in Malayalam and English, to his credit. His book on the materialist interpretation of the Bhagavadgita has been translated into Malayalam and Tamil.

    The Garden And The Cross: A Materialist Interpretation Of The Bible

    The book highlights three areas of Public Policy and Governance Land, Equity and Democracy based on the vast experience and deep critical thinking of the authors. The section on Land deals with a variety of land tenure systems and their implications for efficiency of cultivation and returns to the cultivator, the commitment of major political parties to pursuing the agenda of land redistribution, reforms in tenancy relations, development policies contributing to social exclusion with respect to access to common property resources, subversion of redistributive land reforms in the process of implementation and social unrest caused by denial of rights in land to the rural poor.

    The Section on Equity focuses on the state of implementation of laws and programmes which benefit the poor and the marginalized groups. It covers public policy, neglect and denial of justice to the tribes in respect of their core concerns, the lack of commitment to eliminate the scourge of debt bondage and manual scavenging, iniquitous, neo-liberal economy adversely impacting the Adivasis and the shrinking democratic space on account of the state’s repression of peaceful protests against unjust policies.

    The section on Democracy highlights the unresponsive character of the Indian state which imposes unjust economic policies on people, unmindful of the suffering they cause, and deals with a diverse range of issues from reversal of welfare-oriented development, massive human rights violations in acquisition of land  for development projects, the security-centric response of the state of the challenge posed by the Maoist movement to people’s own efforts in addressing development deficit, legitimacy and accountability of NGOs in advocacy and delivery of development programmes.

    K.B. Saxena is former Secretary to the Government of India, and at present Professor, Social Justice and Governance in the Council for Social Development.

    Manoranjan Mohanty is former Professor of Political Science, University of Delhi, and at present professor, Council for Social Development and Chairperson, Institute of Chinese studies.

    Sumit Chakravartty is Editor, Mainstream. Senior Journalist, deeply involved in Civil Society Movements in India and Peace Movements in South Asia.

    A Fistful of Dry Rice; Land, Equity and Democracy Essays in Honour of D. Bandyopadhyay

    This book is a brilliant and stimulating synthesis of Gramsci‘s life and thought. Students and scholars alike will find it extremely rewarding. Antonio A. Santucci brings to the study of Gramsci a fine historical sensitivity and a rigorous theoretical depth.” —BENEDETTO FONTANA, Baruch College, author of Hegemony and Power: On the Relation Between Gramsci and Machiavelli

    Antonio Gramsci is a giant of Marxian thought and one of the world’s greatest cultural critics. Antonio A. Santucci was perhaps the world‘s preëminent Gramsci scholar. Monthly Review Press is proud to publish, for the first time in English, Santucci’s masterful intellectual biography of the great Sardinian scholar and revolutionary.

    Gramscian terms such as “civil society” and “hegemony” are much used in everyday political discourse. Santucci warns us, however, that these words have been appropriated by both radicals and conservatives for contemporary and often self-serving ends that have nothing to do with Gramsci‘s purposes in developing them. Rather what we must do, and what Santucci illustrates time and again in his dissection of Gramsci’s writings, is absorb Gramsci‘s methods. These can be summed up as the suspicion of “Grand explanatory schemes,” the unity of theory and practice, and a focus on the details of everyday life. The rigor of Santucci’s examination of Gramsci’s life and work matches that of the seminal thought of the master himself.

    Antonio A. Santucci(1949-2004) was the Director of the Center for Gramscian Studies at the Istituto Gramsci in Rome. He taught at the Universities of Sassari, Parma, and Naples before joining the faculty of the University of Salerno as professor of political science. Santucci’s numerous publications on Marxist political thought include the complete Italian critical editions of Gramsci‘s preprision and prison letters.

    Antonio Gramsci

    A distinguished economic theorist of international fame, Amit Bhaduri stands out for challenging consistently the conventional wisdom of mainstream economics. Through his innovative research he has shown systematically how the postulates of individual rationality and methodological individualism of economic orthodoxy ignore the role of power which should be the centre piece of economic analysis. Fifteen less technical of his essays, written over the last three decades and collected in this volume, give a flavour of how political economy is shaped by power in a historical process. Often basing on the macroeconomic tradition of Marx, Kalecki and Keynes, and combining it with his own field observations as an activist-researcher, these essays indicate the way in which political economy can be fruitfully reformulated.

    Amit Bhaduri has taught as professor of economics in more than a dozen universities around the world, authored more than seventy papers and eight books with many of his writings translated into several major Asian and European languages., and is on the editorial board of several international journals. Selected as professor of ‘clear fame’,  Pavia University, Italy, currently he is professor emeritus, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and visiting professor, Council for Social Development, New Delhi.

    Essays in the Reconstruction of Political Economy

    The scope of John Dewey’s writings—ranging from aesthetics and education to legal and political theory – and his role in the development of twentieth-century philosophy have helped make him a continuing influence on contemporary thought. One of his most significant contributions to the theory of knowledge lay in his application of the principles of instrumentalism to traditional approaches to logical theory. Essays in Experimental Logic contains fourteen of Dewey’s most profound papers on many different aspects of knowledge, reality, and epistemology.

    These papers on experimental logic are based on the theory that possession of knowledge implies a judgement, resulting from an inquiry or investigation. The presence of this “inquiry stage” suggests an intermediate and mediating phase between the external world and knowledge, an area conditioned by other factors. Expanding upon this foundation, these papers consider the relationship of thought and its subject matter; the antecedents and stimuli of thought, data, and meanings; the objects of thought; control of ideas by facts; and similar topics.

    Three papers describe the various kinds of philosophical realism. The first closely examines Bertrand Russell’s dictum concerning “our knowledge of the external world as a field for scientific method”; the other two discuss pragmatism, differentiating Dewey’s position from those of James and Peirce. These essays present their author‘s most easily followed account of his own philosophy. The section entitled “Stage of Logical Thought” analyzes the role of scientific method in philosophy, and the final essay presents a striking theory of a logic of values.

    John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.

    Essays in Experimental Logic

    The fourteen essays comprising this anthology were written over a long stretch of time. They followed the author’s developing academic interests in the footsteps of the rapidly evolving contours of the discipline of history itself in the second half of the twentieth century from dead certitudes to delicious ambiguities. The major chunk of the volume centres on the creation and circulation of ideas at ground level as much as at the highest echelons of court society. Other essays engage with questions of economy, society and technology. These are all in the nature of explorations, just as all historiographical endeavours are, in the end. All of these have been published earlier; some date from the 1970’s, others still in press. Many had appeared in a book over a decade and a half ago, but now unavailable, a major reason for the making of this anthology.

    Harbans Mukhia taught medieval History for 44 years at Delhi University and JNU, retiring as JNU’s Rector in 2004. His publications include Historians and Historiography During the Reign of Akbar; Perspectives on Medieval History; Feudalism and Non-European Societies (co-edited with T.J Byres), The Feudalism Debate; French Studies in History (co-edited with M Aymard), Religion, Religiosity and Communalism (co-edited with P Bidwai and Achin Vanaik) and The Mughals of India.  He is the founder-Editor of The Medieval History Journal.

    Exploring India's Medieval Centuries: Essays in History, Society, Culture and Technology

    Since its first publication twenty years ago, Eurocentrism has become a classic of radical thought. Written by one of the world’s foremost political economists, this original and provocative essay takes on one of the great “ideological deformations” of our time: Eurocentrism. Rejecting the dominant Eurocentric view of world history, which narrowly and incorrectly posits a progression from the Greek and Roman classical world to Christian feudalism and the European capitalist system, Amin presents a sweeping reinterpretation that emphasizes the crucial historical role played by the Arab Islamic world. Throughout the work, Amin addresses a broad set of concerns, ranging from the ideological nature of scholastic metaphysics to the meanings and shortcomings of contemporary Islamic fundamentalism.

    Consistently subversive of the established pieties of the West, this book breaks new theoretical and historiographical ground by outlining a compelling non-Eurocentric vision of world history. This second edition contains a new introduction and concluding chapter, both of which make the author’s arguments even more compelling.


    Praise for the first edition: “Samir Amin’s fascinating book on the crucially important subject of Eurocentrism ranges from the spread of Hellenism with the conquest of Alexander the Great to the triumphs of imperialism and transnational capitalism of the 1980s. While essentially thoughtful and analytical, this study is quite rightly informed with outrage against European arrogance and with sympathy for the non-European victims on the periphery of the present system.” MARTIN BERNAL, author of
    Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization.

    Samir Amin was born in Egypt in 1931 and received his Ph.D in economics in Paris in 1957. He is currently the director of UNITAR, a United Nations research institute in Dakar, Senegal. An economic consultant to many Third World Countries, he is the author of numerous books, including The World We Wish to See, Accumulation on a World Scale, Unequal Development, Neo-Colonialism in West Africa, Empire of Chaos, and
    Re-Reading the Postwar Period, all published by Monthly Review Press.


    Eurocentrism: Modernity, Religion and Democracy – A Critique of Eurocentrism and Culturalism
  • Praised for its ‘clear-headedness and common sense’ (London Review of Books), this book is an introduction to the uses made of anthropology by Marx and Engels, and the uses made of Marxism by anthropologists.

    Maurice Bloch begins by using our present knowledge to evaluate the writings of Marx and Engels on primitive societies. He goes on to discuss the anthropological theories of the immediate successors to Marx and Engels, and assesses the significance of the fact that the only work available to them was Engels’s The Origin of Private Property, the Family and the State. He then examines the gradual reintroduction of Marxist concepts in American, British, and French anthropology. He relates how anthropologists have turned away from the theories of primitive societies developed by Marx and Engels, and have instead explained the workings of pre-capitalist societies in the light of Marxist theories of Capitalism.

    Maurice Bloch is Professor of Anthropology in the University of London. He is the author of Marxist Analyses and Social Anthropology (1975).



     1. Anthropology and the Work of Marx and Engels 

    2. Marx and Engels on Anthropology

    3. The Present-Day Standing of Marx’s and Engels’s Anthropology

    4. The Direct Successors to Marx and Engels

    5. Marxism and American Anthropology

    6. Marxism and British and French Anthropology



    Marxism and Anthropology

    This book was conceived when Jagtar Singh, as a journalist working with The Indian Express, went to the Darbar Sahib complex as part of the team of journalists from Chandigarh flown to the war zone by the government during Operation Bluestar, the army action in the Golden Temple complex at, the holiest of the holy shrine of the Sikhs at Amritsar. The holy Granth Sahib installed on the first floor of the sanctum sanctorum of the shrine was in disorder covered by a blood soaked white sheet. Placing the holy book in order was a trauma for the author.

    Jagtar Singh had joined The Indian Express in 1978 a few days after the Sikh-Nirankari clash to which militancy in this state is traced, to be transferred to Amritsar in March the next year. This provided the opportunity to observe the situation virtually as in insider. Though returned to Chandigarh after two years, the author covered almost every major development in Amritsar till Operation Bluestar. The visits to Amritsar were frequent till militancy petered out. The author was witness to the rise of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale with whom the interaction was frequent, most of the times off the record but such meetings provided the much needed deeper insight to the evolving situation. The last one-to-one off the record meeting lasting about an hour with him was on May 25 when the army had already moved into Punjab for the decisive action.

    This book combines both the personal experience during the period Jagtar Singh worked with The Indian Express and the developments and their interpretation spanning about 25 years covering the two extremes in the Sikh political matrix. Some of the resource material relating to the Sikh politics is exclusive, appearing for the first time in this book.

    Coming from a family of  agriculturalists of  Ambala,  Jagtar Singh,  when he joined The Indian Express, Chandigarh in 1978, was amongst the very few English language journalists of  Punjab with a wide knowledge and background of  rural Punjab and Haryana. Possessing a great capacity for diligent field work, he was aided by his  understanding of  the religio-political ethos of  the region and in his writings, was soon imparting meaning to the fast paced developments, then sweeeping Punjab. His foray into this, till then, urban bastian was preceeded by an indepth study of  political economy,  interspersed with personal experiences of  mass struggle and repression by the state machinery in the late 1960's and early 1970's in Punjab. 

    In his journalistic career he utilised the opportunities afforded by the old school of  journalism to bring home to the readers the major current and cross-currents which enveloped Punjab in the 1980's and 1990's. Arguably Jagtar Singh is one of  the foremost authorities on Punjab, its politics and society, and particularly the politics of  the Shiromani Akali Dal and Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), which seem to be beyond the comprehension of the whistle-stop journalists of  the new era. Jagtar Singh has always been known for a meticulous record keeping, combined with a dispassionate, balanced and unsparing approach to events and players and these qualities are amply on display in this work as well.


    Khalistan Struggle: A Non Movement

    The author has taken pains to investigate the multifarious ideological crises of Pakistan. Without subscribing to any preconceived notion, he look into the issues of ideology and identity purely from historical and political points of view. His approach is objective and rational and he looks into the issues of state formation in Pakistan and Pakistan’s quest for nationhood in a scientific manner underlining the socio-economic causes operating behind the political events. He begins with the examination of the emergence of the Muslims’ consciousness about their identity in the socio-cultural environment of pre-partition India. He then moves on to examine how the issue of identity resurfaced in Pakistan after its independence. He examines the various trends, both secular and religious, which continued for years to combat each other. The policies of the state, its efforts in securing legitimacy through employing religious propaganda, the construction of an official religious ideology and the implications of all these moves also come under critical scrutiny. The author also endeavors to analyse the integrating as well as separating aspects of the co-relation between religion and politics. He also sheds light on the political economy of Islamisation and explains how in a growing environment of commercialization, the politicization of religious affiliations impacts the society in a negative way.

    The views expressed in this book would certainly invite debate and would encourage others to build up on what has been concluded here or, while contesting this, come up with better arguments and better explanations of the issues addressed here.

    Mubarak Ali, a renowned historian and a leading intellectual of Pakistan, has authored more than sixty books on various topics of history as well as on historiography. The distinguishing aspect of his work has been his pro-people approach toward history. Instead of approaching historical themes from the point of view of the ruling dynasties and the dominant classes, he has put the spotlight of his enquiry on the general masses, communities, social attitudes and popular cultures. He has also adopted a particular style of writing that is quite simple and free from jargons. It has made his writings comprehensible for general readers, political workers and social activists, apart from a wide segment of students.

    Born in 1941 in Tonk (Rajasthan), he migrated to Pakistan in 1950s, did his M.A. in History in 1963 from the Sindh University and was appointed lecturer in the same university. In 1976, he did his Ph.D from Ruhr University (Bachum) in Germany. After returning to Pakistan, he continued teaching in the Sindh University but was later compelled to resign in 1989. For a brief period he also served as the Director of Goethe Institute, Lahore.

    Dr. Ali is prolific writer who writes in both English and Urdu. He is also the founder editor of quarterly Tareekh, Lahore.

    Pakistan in Search of Identity

    Wobblies and Zapatistasoffers the reader an encounter between two generations and two traditions. Andrej Grubacic is an anarchist from the Balkans. Staughton Lynd is a lifelong pacifist, influenced by Marxism. They meet in dialogue in an effort to bring together the anarchist and Marxist traditions, to discuss the writing of history by those who make it, and to remind us of the idea that ‘my country is the world’. Encompassing a Left libertarian perspective and an emphatically activist standpoint, these conversations are meant to be read in the clubs and affinity groups of the new Movement. The authors accompany us on a journey through modern revolutions, direct actions, anti-globalist counter summits, Freedom Schools, Zapatista cooperatives, Haymarket and Petrograd, Hanoi and Belgrade, ‘international’ communities, wildcat strikes, early Protestant communities, Native American democratic practices, the Workers’ Solidarity Club of Youngstown, occupies factories, self-organized councils and soviets, the lives of forgotten revolutionaries, Quaker meetings, antiwar movements, and prison rebellions. Neglected and forgotten moments of interracial self-activity are brought to light. The book invites the attention of readers who believe that a better world, on the other side of capitalism and state bureaucracy, may indeed by possible.

    Staughton Lynd taught American history at Spelman College and Yale University. He was director of Freedom Schools in the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Summer. An early leader of the movement against the Vietnam war, he was blacklisted and unable to continue as an academic. He then became a lawyer, and in this capacity has assisted rank and file workers and prisoners for the past thirty years. He has written, edited, or co-edited with his wife Alice Lynd more than a dozen books.

    Andrej Grubacic is a dissident from the Balkans. A radical historian and sociologist, he is the author of Globalization and Refusal and the forthcoming Hidden History of American Democracy and The Staughton Lynd Reader. A fellow traveler of Zapatista-inspired direct action movement, in particular People’s Global Action and a co-founder of Global Balkans Network and Balkan Z Magazine, he is a visiting professor of sociology at the University of San Francisco.

    Wobblies and Zapatistas: Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism and Radical History

    Marxism’s cultural turn, which has been prominent in its operation over at least the past four decades, continues to belie the hope it had initially held out. The idea that such a move would eventually pull Marxism out of its ‘ontological crisis’ is on the verge of a miscarriage. That is certainly the case in sub-continental South Asia. Unsurprisingly, therefore, ‘culturally-turned’ Marxism survives as the sign of the very crisis it was meant to surpass. Its canonisation within the academia, and beyond, as a mere analytic of culture has led to the blurring of politico-ideological lines. The quietist impulse that this theory of the science of revolution has, as a consequence, come to share with so-called poststructuralism implies its complete detachment from all notions and conceptions of class and class action.

    The 13 essays that comprise this book are envisaged as a small attempt from South Asia – where communitarian postcolonialism and ‘Marxist’ culturalism constitute the most respectable trend in radical theory – to remedy the situation.

    Pothik Ghosh was educated in Allahabad and has worked as a professional journalist in Calcutta, Lucknow and Delhi. Active with various Left groups, he is currently based in Delhi and is one of the editors of Radical Notes. His monograph, Loss as Resistance: Towards a Hermeneutic of Revolution, will be published by Aakar Books as part of the Radical Notes booklet series.

    Insurgent Metaphors: Essays in Culture & Class

    From the highly acclaimed novelist, script editor, journalist and writer William Ash, a clear, rooted, account of the importance of socialist ideas within the Marxist tradition. Ash, a decorated war hero and leading trade unionist and thinker, has written something of great importance to a new generation of those fighting for peace and progress.

    Anti globalization protesters, trade unionists and genuinely worried workers will find this book a major wake up call to the simple, yet increasingly relevant concepts that underpin socialism.

    The author considers values, rights, obligations and alienation and social change and shows how the modern ideas of workers, concentrated into Marxism, have enhanced the best thought of the past and offer us something powerful today.

    ..a highly original book”. – Morning Star

    For a one volume work that, in usually straightforward and clear fashion, addresses the relationship among economics, ethics and politics, it would be difficult to best this contribution.” – Science Class and Politics

    It is, as any good Marxist analysis, should be, a call to action, not a mere intellectual exercise”. – Voice of the Unions

    Workers' Politics: The Ethics of Socialism

    Robert P. Millon dug deeply into the source materials in Mexico when he wrote this concise but illuminating book about the broader meaning of the movement led by Emiliano Zapata. Zapata‘s cry for land reform and a democratic transformation of the existing order of his time is heard anew from today’s Zapatistas. Millon also discusses the conflicting interpretations of the Zapata movement, and has supplied a brief Afterword for this edition.

    Millon has taught in the history departments of Louisiana State University and at Oregon State. In the mid-1970s he helped organize the Vicente Lombardo Toledano papers into an archive at the Universidad Obrera de Mexico, Mexico, D.F.

    Zapata: The Ideology of a Peasant Revolutionary


    The book could have been appropriately sub-titled as ‘Life in Pre-Partition Delhi (Dilli) Laid Bare’. It is, the first, and easily the last one of its kind by one of the vanishing breed of vintage Dilliwalas, born, bred and educated over there, before emigrating to Pakistan. Old Dilli of the author’s childhood, breathed the very air of the life and times of Ghadar – the (Revolt or the Mutiny) of 1857. Until the early 30s there was hardly any electricity, running water, pucca paved streets and public transport except for tongas and dolies for women traveling from one mohallah, one house, one street to another.

    The book covers the intriguing canvas of life as seen by the author as a child and a Youngman. It also tells the story of an old family through its cycles of birth, marriage and death.

    The author, pries deep into the back alleys of the ancient city and portrays the youthful and adult delinquencies seen in their nook and crannies.

    The book is the third of the author’s Partition Qartet: The other two being, Tuqseme-i-Hind aur Bahadur Shah Zafar ki Wapsi (Partition and the Return of Bahadur Shah Zafar – Urdu) and Partition and the Making of Mohajir Mindset (Oxford). The fourth and the last of the quartet Partition: An Emperor’s Nightmare is under publication.

    The book is refreshingly free from the kind of morbid nostalgia associated with such personal narratives.

    Abdul Rahman (A.R.) Siddiqiis a vintage, authentic Dilliwalla.  He belongs to the generation of the City poised on the verge of extinction.  Born, raised and educated in the City he was 23 (b. 06 September, 1924) at the time of Partition.

    Siddiqi had been through a richly-varied cycle of experiences as a journalist (Dawn, Delhi as a junior sub-editor in mid 1947) and in Pakistan as the Special Representative of the Civil-Military Gazette, Lahore, assigned to the NWFP and Rawalpindi (1947-1950).

    In 1950 he joined the Pakistan army and retired in 1973 as the Chief of the Inter-Services Public Relations, Directorate in the rank of Brigadier.  He had been through the 1965 and 1971 wars acting as the principal military spokesman in 1971.

    After his retirement, he launched the Monthly Defence Journal, first of its kind ever or since in Pakistan.  He owned, published and edited the Journal until 1997.  He had been and remains regular columnist and news commentator for the print and electronic media.

    He lives in Karachi with his family, dedicated to reading, writing and movies.


    Smoke Without Fire: Portrait of Pre-Partition Delhi

    “...brilliant contributions to the theory of Knowledge.”      —ANTON PANNEKOEK

    Called by Marx “The Philosopher of Socialism,” Joseph Dietzgen was a pioneer of dialectical materialism and a fundamental influence on anarchist and socialist thought whom we would do well not to forget.

    Dietzgen examines what we do when we think. He discovered that thinking is a process involving two opposing processes: generalization, and specialization. All thought is therefore a dialectical process. Our knowledge is inherently limited however, which makes truth relative and the seeking of truth on-going. The only absolute is existence itself, or the universe, everything else is limited or relative. Although a philosophical materialist, he extended these concepts to include all that was real, existing or had an impact upon the world. Thought and matter were no longer radically separated as in older forms of materialism. The Nature of Human Brain Work is vital for theorists today in that it lays the basis for a non-dogmatic, flexible, non-sectarian, yet principled socialist politics.

    This new edition includes an extensive afterword, notes and bibliography by Larry Gambone.

    Born near Cologne in 1828, Joseph Dietzgen worked most of his life as a tanner. A self-educated man, he participated in the Revolution of 1848 where he first read the writings of Karl Marx and became one of his supporters. Exiled from Germany after the failed revolution, he spent time in both America and Russia, where he wrote his most famous work The Nature of Human Brain Work,  published in 1869, before returning to Germany. In 1884 he moved to the United States for the third and last time after being imprisoned in Germany for his political writing. He became editor of the anarchist Chicagoer Arbeiterzeitung when it‘s previous editors were hung by the State in response to the Haymarket bombings. When he died 2 years later he was buried beside them in Chicago.

    The Nature of Human Brain Work: An Introduction to Dialectics

    “This is a work of Marxology in the best sense of the term. I am convinced that it is and will remain an indispensable source for all serious students of Marxian ideas in the broad field of politics and political science. There is nothing in the existing literature which is even remotely comparable to it.” – Paul M Sweezy

    Volume 1: State and Bureaucracy

    The first book of Hal Draper’s definitive and masterful study of Marx’s political thought. “Extraordinarily stimulating. Discusses Marx’s views on democracy and many other topics, large and small.”                                                       – New YorkReview of Books

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-133-0                                                     Rs. 495.00

    Volume 2: The Politics of Social Classes

    “Cuts away some of the myths surrounding Marx’s political thought.” – Library Journal

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-134-7                                                     Rs. 595.00

    Volume 3: The “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”

    Examines how Marx, and Marxists, have addressed the issue of dictatorships in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the term “dictatorship of the proletariat”.

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-135-4                                                     Rs. 395.00

    Volume 4: Critique of Other Socialisms

    This volume looks at Marx’s critique of other thinkers, including many socialists who deferred significantly in their conceptions of socialism to illuminate that it was that made Marx’s socialism distinctive.

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-136-1                                                     Rs. 395.00

    Volume 5: War and Revolution

    “Hal Draper is one of the greatest Marx scholars and in this volume he shares his knowledge with consummate precision, unfailing insight, and no-nonsense good cheer.” – David N Smith, University of Kansas

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-137-8                                                     Rs. 295.00

    Hal Draper was an American socialist activist and author who played a significant role in the Berkeley, California, Free Speech Movement and is perhaps best known for his extensive scholarship on the history and meaning of the thought of Karl Marx.

    Draper was a lifelong advocate of what he called “socialism from below,” self-emancipation by the working class in opposition to capitalism and Stalinist bureaucracy, both of which, he held, practiced domination from above. He was one of the creators of the Third Camp tradition, a form – the form, according to its adherents – of Marxist socialism.

    Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution (5 Vols.)

     •       Provides a unique and authoritative survey of trends in labour history and historiographical developments around the  
             world over the last fifty years;

    •       The essays are written by leading scholars from Britain, America, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Germany, India,              
             Ireland and Japan.

    •       It is wide-ranging, meticulously documented an accessibly written.

    This book asserts the importance of the lives, aspirations and actions of ordinary workers. Their history is as important for understanding the past as the activities of their rulers.

    An indispensable volume for all historians of work, workers and organised labour, it will be immensely valuable to those engaged in labour movements who believe that, in the face of globalisation, labour's future depends on understanding its past in all its complexities. It is published to commemorate the creation of the Society for the Study of Labour History in 1960 which, as Eric Hobsbawm remembers in his Preface, 'made British labour history for a time the most globally influential in the field'.

    Joan Allen, a Senior Lecturer in the School of Historical Studies at the University of Newcastle, is currently an editor of Labour History Review.

    Alan Campbell is Honorary Senior Fellow and formerly Reader in Labour and Social History at the University of Liverpool. A long-standing member of the Executive Committee of the Society for the Study of Labour History, he is the Society's Chair.

    John McIlroy is Professor of Employment Relations at Middlesex University Business School. He is Secretary of the Society for the Study of Labour History.

    Histories of Labour: National and International Perspectives

    “A good society,” Michael Lebowitz tell us, “is one that permits the full development of human potential.” In this slim, lucid, and insightful book, he argues persuasively that such a society is possible. That capitalism fails his definition of a good society is evident from even a cursory examination of its main features. What comes first in capitalism is not human development but privately accumulated profits by a tine minority of the population. When there is a conflict between profits and human development, profits take precedence. Just ask the unemployed, those toiling at dead-end jobs, the sick and infirm, the poor and the imprisoned.

    But if not capitalism, what? Lebowitz is also critical of those societies that have proclaimed their socialism, such as the former Soviet Union and China. While their systems were not capitalist and were capable of achieving some of what is necessary for the “development of human potential,” they were not “good societies.” A good society as Lebowitz defines it must be marked by three characteristics: social ownership of the means of production, social production controlled by workers, and satisfaction of communal needs and purposes. Lebowitz shows how these characteristics interact with and reinforce one another, and asks how they can be developed to the point where they occur more or less automatically – that is, become both a society’s premises and outcomes. He also offers fascinating insights into matters such as the nature of wealth, the illegitimacy of profits, the inadequacies of worker-controlled enterprises, the division of labour, and much more.

    Michael Lebowitz is professor emeritus of economics at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, and the author of Beyond Capital: Marx’s Political Economy of the Working Class, winner of the Isaac Detscher Memorial Prize for 2004, and Build It Now: Socialism for the Twenty-First Century. He is Director, Program in Transformative Practice and Human Development, Centro Internacional Miranda, in Caracas, Venezuela.

    The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development

    The State in Capitalist Societyis recognized as on of the most important books in political sociology published since the Second World War. In the wake of a neo-liberal era recognized almost universally as one which saw the retreat of the state, the massive scale of state intervention today makes the republication of this classic study extremely timely.

    This edition includes a new foreword by Professor Leo Panitch, York University, Toronto.

    Contents includes: Economic Elites and Dominant Class; The State System and the State Elite; The Purpose and Role of Governments; Servants of the State; Imperfect Competition; The Process of Legitimation; Reform and Repression.

    Ralph Miliband (1924-1994) was one of the key intellectual figures of the British New Left. He was the founder of the Socialist Register and author of Marxism and Politics, Parliamentary Socialism (reprinted 2009) and Socialism for a Sceptical Age.

    He held the Chair of Politics at the University of Leeds; he also taught at the London School of Economics, Brandeis in Boston, York University in Toronto and the City University of New York.

    The State in Capitalist Society

    Comprising three early writings of Professor Randhir Singh, this slim volume deals with the topical issues of nationalism and communalism in India.

    Discussing Indian nationalism from the standpoint of its revolutionary tradition (Bhagat Singh and others) the author makes a distinction between nationalism before and after 1947. The former was progressive and liberationist in its opposition to imperialism and the latter can well be reactionary in that it serves to obscure the reality of our class-divided society and helps line up people behind the ruling class politics. The two pieces on communalism are essentially theoretical exercises. It is suggested that most contemporary thinking, writing or theorization on communalism, its achievements notwithstanding, is seriously flawed by an ideological error on the one hand and a methodological limitation on the other. The ideological error, which has virtually pre-empted the entire field of thought or study on communalism in this country, lies in understanding communalism from the standpoint of nationalism. And the methodological limitation lies in studying contemporary communalism in an essentially empiricist and often ahistorical manner. Both the error and the limitation are critically examined to argue for the validity of a Marxist approach to the study of social phenomenon, in the present case of communalism. As the argument proceeds, the notion of ‘ethical neutality’, a staple of mainstream scholarship, is questioned. It is pointed out that every explanation or understanding invariably has a ‘value slop’, that is, it is suggestive of a prescription. Therefore your understanding necessarily yields a response to the problem of communalism; it could be liberal, radical or revolutionary response. Hence the importance of how one explains or understands communalism in modern India. In deference to conventional practice, the author concludes with a definition of communalism in contemporary India.

    Randhir Singh, a distinguished teacher and former Professor of Political Theory, University of Delhi. He has been associated with the communist movement since 1939. Of his writings, Harry Magdoff, editor, Monthly Review, has said: ‘I admire the solidity of your analysis as well as the firmness of your commitment’.

    His other works include

    1. Crisis of Socialism – Notes in Defense of a Commitment
    2. Reason, Revolution and Political Theory
    3. Five Lectures in Marxist Mode
    4. Of Marxism and Indian Politics
    5. Marxism, Socialism, Indian Politics – A View From the Left
    6. Contemporary Ecological Crisis – A Marxist View
    7. Indian Politics Today - An Argument for Socialism-Oriented Path of Development
    8. Struggle for Socialism – Some Issues
    On Nationalism and Communalism in India

    Dorothy Thompson writes in her introduction: ‘This essay is a rarity among Edward’s published work. Although he was throughout his life interested in the philosophy of history and in various theoretical formulations, he concerned himself with these mainly in private reading and private discussion. Why then did he write this essay? He had read the work of Louis Althusser and found very liitle in them to affect his work. When Althusser appeared on the scene he made little impact on practicing historians. For some reason however, he suddenly became a major force among graduate students and some young historians and literary scholars. Most historians would have been prepared to wait for the new influence to demonstrate its validity in the production of innovative work in history; not only did this not happen, but Althusser’s followers – even some of the historians among them – began to declare that history was a non-discipline and that its study was of no value. It was the influence that Althusser’s writings were having on scholarship that made Edward take on the uncongenial task of putting the case for history against his closed system.’

    The result is a major critique of Althusserian Marxism, or ‘theoretical practice’, entering closely into questions of epistemology and of the theory and practice of the historian. Around this detailed polemic, Thompson develops a constructive view of an alternative, socialist tradition, empirical and self-critical in method, and fully open to the creative practice evidenced by history – a tradition sharply opposed to much that now passes as ‘Marxism’. In converging shafts to close analysis and Swiftian irony, the author defoliates Althusser’s arcane, rationalist rhetoric and reinstates ‘historicism’, ‘empiricism’, ‘moralism’ and ‘socialist humanism’ in a different Marxist inheritance.

    The title of this essay echoes The Poverty of Philosophy, Marx’s annihilating attack on Proudhon, which, like Engels’ Anti-Dühring, is a work read long after its subject has been consigned to oblivion.

    Edward Palmer Thompson was an English historian, writer, socialist and peace campaigner. He is probably best known today for his historical work on the British radical movements in the late 18th  and early 19th centuries, in particular The Making of the English Working Class (1963).

    The Poverty of Theory
  • Children of Abraham at War: The Clash of Messianic Militarisms

    With religion-driven fanaticism on the rise in many parts of the world, Talmiz Ahmad's book tracing the roots of “messianic militarisms” and their impact on contemporary politics is well timed. The book is meticulously researched and even-handed in its critique of the three religious tendencies involved in the clash of messianic militarisms. Ahmad, besides being a seasoned diplomat, is also a scholar on Islam and West Asia…The book will be a valuable addition to university libraries and is a must-read for students of international politics.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                               John Cherian, Frontline

    As I finished reading the book, I thought of two other books — Francis Fukuyama’s The End of History and Samuel Huntington’s The Clash of Civilizations. All three authors look for the big picture…Both Fukuyama and Huntington assume, without providing much corroborating evidence, the essential, inherent superiority of Western civilisation over others. Ambassador Talmiz Ahmad is refreshingly free from such an ego-centric predicament…In addition to being an industrious scholar, the author has spent most of his 35-year career in West Asia…Ahmad’s historical narration of the genesis of the three militant Messianisms is of enduring value. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                K.P. Fabian, Business Standard

    Ahmad’s warning that the GWOT subsumes “the clash of messianic militarisms,” whose potential for conflict is unfathomable, has to be taken seriously because it is born out of painstaking research and an incisive analysis, and is informed by compelling logic. Lucidly written, and with an eye for detail, the book is a must read for students of comparative religions and international politics, and, more importantly, for the global citizenry, which needs to do all it can to avert the catastrophe an unchecked messianism would spell for the world.                                                                                                                                                                                                   Atul Aneja, The Hindu

    The narrative of the book manages to hold the attention of the reader to the last age…The sheer size of the data and information collected in this book makes it a must-have for those who are not only interested in the Middle East but also for those who would like to delve deeper into the causes of conflicts that abound.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Gargee Chakravarty, Saudi Gazette


    This book is a reassertion that the thinking Ambassador is not quite extinct.                                                                    - Saeed Naqvi, Outlook

    Children of Abraham at War: The Clash of Messianic Militarisms
  • ‘Marxism and Literature, one of Raymond Williams’s truly pathbreaking books, has survived its historical moment and continues to exert a fascinating force. Typically idiosyncratic in form – a series of brief illuminating vignettes of some vital topics in materialist criticism – it is equally challenging and original in its content. Williams was at once close to Marxism, and a robustly independent critic who made his own unique intellectual voyage. It is the combination of political sympathy with a powerfully distancing perspective which allows this deeply felt study at once to comment on its subject, and effectively to reinvent it.’ —Terry Eagleton

    Marxism and Literature

Welcome to Aakar Books

Aakar books was established in 1991 in Delhi. Starting as a library supplier, bookseller and distributor, it progress to publishing quality scholarly books in social Science in English and Hindi in 2001 and has now carved a niche for itself in this sphere.

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